[Novalug] best way to back up a home partition.
larkoc at iges.org
Thu Sep 20 11:47:17 EDT 2007
Bonnie Dalzell wrote:
> i have two harddrives - each with an Ubuntu installation on them. they
> go into externally accessable drive drawers. one sits on the shelf as a
> last night while trying to get alien to work (the rpm to deb program -
> not a game) I managed to ugrade ubuntu on the ubuntu drive in the
> machine. this resulted in loosing the ability to start up x - when you
> try startx you get the error:
> xinit connection refused (error111)
> so before doing anything else I put the backup harddrive in an booted
> from it and I used gnome-commander to copy the home directory from the
> messuped installation harddrive to a subdirectory on another harddrive.
> then it occured to me: what is the best way to do such a backup copy?
> also of course any suggestions on getting x working again would be
I concur with rsync. It's a cool utility. ....or one could always tar
the home/userid directory and store the tarfile somewhere....
> trying to get alien to install resulted in a report that the
> dependencies were broken - apt-get was not able to get rpm which is
> needed for alien to work.
> another problem I had - part of the reason for tryign to upgrade - was
> that I could not compile the tar.gz version of anything because the
> install routines wanted to call cc and apparently my system has gcc and
> is not set up to tell the installer routines that cc and gcc are the same.
On my box, the cc compiler is linked, via /etc/alternatives set-up to
gcc. Here is what I have:
larkoc at larkoc:~$ which cc
/usr/bin/cc #cc runs /usr/bin/cc...
larkoc at larkoc:~$ ls -l /usr/bin/cc
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 20 2007-08-07 14:29 /usr/bin/cc ->
/etc/alternatives/cc #...which is a symlink to
larkoc at larkoc:~$ ls -l /etc/alternatives/cc
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 12 2007-08-08 12:23 /etc/alternatives/cc ->
/usr/bin/gcc #...which actually goes to the
So when I issue cc on my command line, I'm really getting gcc. Also gcc
can be a versioning issue with some programs. My version of cc-->gcc is :
larkoc at larkoc:~$ gcc --version
gcc (GCC) 4.1.2 (Ubuntu 4.1.2-0ubuntu4)
Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
> I have a lot to learn.
> right now I am booted off of the ubuntu installation on the backup
> harddrive which is either dapper or edgy. i have not figured out which.
To get the Ubunutu version enter:
larkoc at larkoc:/etc$ cat lsb-release
larkoc at larkoc:/etc$ cd
larkoc at larkoc:~$ cat /etc/lsb-release
For Red Hat users, it is /etc/redhat-release.
(pet the dogs for me)
> Bonnie Dalzell, MA
> mail:5100 Hydes Rd ---- Hydes MD USA 21082-----EMAIL:bdalzell at qis.net
> freelance anatomist, vertebrate paleontologist, writer, illustrator, dog
> breeder, computer nerd & iconoclast... Borzoi info at www.borzois.com.
> Editor Net.Pet Online Animal Magazine - http://www.netpetmagazine.com
> HOME http://www.qis.net/~borzoi/ BUSINESS http://www.batw.com
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